Conditions

  • Accessory Navicular

    An accessory navicular is an extra bone, joined to the navicular by fibrous tissue or cartilage, that can develop in certain people. This bone can cause pain, and may be susceptible to injury.

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  • Achilles Tendon Injuries

    The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It connects the two main calf muscles – the gastrocnemius and soleus – to the heel bone (the calcaneus). Common injuries of the Achilles tendon include tendonitis (inflammation), tendinosis (degeneration), and rupture.

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  • Adult Acquired Flatfoot

    This condition is a progressive collapse of the tendons and ligaments that hold up the foot’s arch. This condition most commonly affects women. It typically occurs in only one foot, but in some cases, both feet are afflicted.

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  • Ankle Sprains

    An ankle sprain occurs when one or more ligaments – fibrous bands of tissue that provide stability to the joint – are stretched or torn from excessive force such as a sudden twisting during sports, stepping on an uneven surface, or a blow to the ankle.

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  • Bunionette Deformity (Tailor’s Bunion)

    This bony bump forms on the outer side of the foot at the base of the fifth toe. Like a traditional bunion, a bunionette can be sore and painful. The skin covering the bump can become red and irritated.

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  • Bunions

    A bunion, also known as hallux valgus, develops on the big toe joint when the bones of the big toe become misaligned. It looks like a large bump on the side of the toe. The big toe angles in toward the second toe, and, in severe cases, may overlap or tuck beneath the second toe. […]

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  • Cavus Foot (High-Arched Foot)

    This condition is an abnormally high arch of the foot that results in an excessive amount of body weight being directed to the ball and heel of the foot. Cavus foot can be congenital or acquired, may develop at any age, and can affect one or both feet.

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  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT)

    This disease, one of the most common inherited neurological disorders, affects motor and sensory nerves throughout the body. It is usually not life-threatening, and rarely affects the brain. CMT is also called hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN), or peroneal muscular atrophy.

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  • Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain

    This condition is a lasting pain on the outer side of the ankle that often develops after an injury such as a sprain or fracture of the ankle.

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  • Claw Toe

    This disorder is a deformity that typically affects one or more of the small toes. In many cases, all four small toes are affected. The toes bend up at the first joint and then curl down toward the floor, giving the appearance of a claw or talon.

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  • Corns

    A corn is a very thick callus that forms on parts of the skin that are prone to chafing and pressure, such as between the toes or the soles of the feet. Corns may cause pain when pressure is applied.

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  • Diabetic Foot

    Diabetic foot is a dangerous loss of sensation in the feet caused by damage to the nervous system. Often, this loss of sensation can lead to a diabetic foot sufferer not noticing wounds or injuries in the foot, which can lead to additional damage or infection.

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  • Gout

    This condition is a form of inflammatory arthritis that results in painful attacks in the joints. It can cause swelling and redness, and in some cases, it can lead to lumpy deposits that can be seen under the skin. It can also lead to the development of kidney stones.

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  • Haglund’s Deformity (Retrocalcaneal Bursitis)

    This condition is a bony enlargement on the back of the heel that can aggravate the retrocalcaneal bursa, a fluid-filled sac located on the back of the heel between the Achilles tendon and the calcaneus. The bursa can become inflamed and swollen, a condition called bursitis. Haglund’s deformity most commonly affects young women.

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  • Hallux Rigidus (Stiff Big Toe)

    This condition, also known as hallux limitus, is a form of degenerative arthritis that affects the joint at the base of the big toe. It causes pain and stiffness in the big toe, which increases over time as the toe becomes increasingly rigid and hard to bend.

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  • Hammer Toe

    This condition is a deformity in which a toe bends downward at the middle joint. The second toe is the one most likely to be affected, but this deformity can occur in other toes as well. Sometimes, more than one toe is affected.

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  • High Ankle Sprain (Syndesmosis Ligament Injury)

    This condition is a sprain of one or more of the ligaments that hold the tibia and fibula together at the ankle. This joint, called the ankle syndesmosis, is made up of ligaments on the front and rear of the ankle, and in the space between the tibia and fibula.

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  • Ingrown Toenails

    An ingrown toenail occurs when the corners of a nail curl downward and grow into the skin on the edge of the toe, causing pain and swelling.

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  • Jones Fractures

    This condition is a fracture of the foot’s fifth metatarsal, the bone that attaches to the base of the small toe. A Jones fracture refers only to a fracture that occurs at the proximal end of this bone – the end of the bone closest to the ankle.

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  • LisFranc (Midfoot) Fracture-Dislocation

    This injury occurs when the base of the second metatarsal is broken, or when a ligament that connects this metatarsal to one of the cuneiform bones of the midfoot is ruptured.

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  • Metatarsalgia

    This condition is an irritation of the ball of the foot. It can result in sharp pain, numbness or tingling sensations that can be very problematic, especially for athletes.

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  • Morton’s Neuroma

    This condition is a thickening of the nerve sheath that surrounds a nerve in the ball of the foot. It most commonly develops between the third and fourth toes. It also commonly occurs between the second and third toes.

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  • MTP Synovitis (Capsultitis)

    This condition is a sharp or aching pain in the ball of the foot that is most often centered beneath the base of the second toe. This pain is an indication that the bone at the base of the toe, called the proximal phalanx, is beginning to separate from the long bone of the foot, […]

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  • Navicular Stress Fracture

    This condition is an injury to the navicular, one of the tarsal bones of the midfoot. This type of injury is common in athletes, particularly those who participate in high-impact sports that require jumping, sprinting and sudden directional changes. Track and field athletes are particularly susceptible.

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  • Osteochondral Injuries of the Talus

    The talus, lined with articular cartilage, connects to the tibia and fibula to make up the ankle joint. An osteochondral injury occurs when the talus and/or surrounding cartilage is bruised, fractured, or chipped from an injury.

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  • Osteomyelitis

    This condition is an infection of the bone cells or the bone marrow that can lead to death of the bone tissue. If not treated properly, it can spread from the original site of infection to other parts of the body. In adults, osteomyelitis commonly affects the spine, pelvis and feet. In children, it commonly […]

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  • Peroneal Tendon Tears

    This condition is a tearing of one or both peroneal tendons, which travel down the lower leg, behind the lateral malleolus and along the outer side of the ankle.

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  • Peroneal Tendonitis

    This condition is an inflammation of one or both peroneal tendons, which travel down the lower leg, behind the lateral malleolus and along the outer side of the ankle.

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  • Pilon Fractures

    This injury is a fracture at the base of the tibia (the largest of the two bones in the lower leg). Pilon fractures involve the weight-bearing surface of the tibia, and typically occur just above the ankle. In many cases, when the tibia is fractured, the thinner bone in the lower leg (called the fibula) […]

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  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)

    This condition is an overstretching and inflammation of the posterior tibial tendon, which travels from a muscle in the calf down to the arch of the foot. This tendon is one of the major supporting structures of the foot’s arch and aids in walking.

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  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) of the Foot and Ankle (Arthritis Foundation Approved)

    Rheumatoid arthritis, a condition that can attack joints throughout the body, commonly affects both feet and both ankles at the same time. It can cause the joints to become swollen and possibly deformed, causing disability.

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  • Sesamoiditis

    This condition is an irritation of the sesamoid bones, which are located within the tendons that slide along either side of the bottom of the big toe. The sesamoid bones, each about the size of a kernel of corn, provide leverage for the tendons that control the big toe.

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  • Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

    Stress fractures are small cracks that can occur in a bone because of overuse or activities that place high stress on the structures of the foot and ankle.

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  • Plantar Fasciitis

    Plantar fasciitis is an irritation of the plantar fascia. This thick band of connective tissue travels across the bottom of the foot between the toes and the heel. It supports the foot’s natural arch. It stretches and becomes taut whenever the foot bears weight.

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